Title A woman diagnosed as suffering from melancholia with fear, or fear of everything, and with a propensity to attempt suicide. Lithograph, 1892, after a drawing made for Sir Alexander Morison.
Imprint [Edinburgh] : [publisher not identified], [1892] (Edin[bu]r[gh] : McLagan & Cumming Lith.)


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Physical description 1 print : lithograph, on buff paper ; image 20.5 x 20 cm
Note Plate to: Byrom Bramwell, Atlas of clinical medicine, Edinburgh 1892-1896, vol. 1, pl. XXVI
Summary Described by Morison, The physiognomy of mental diseases, 1840, and repeated by Bramwell, op. cit. p. 180, thus: "Portrait of a female in whom delusive fear of every object and person, pan[t]aphobia, keeps her in a state of perpetual distress. It is necessary to watch her closely to prevent her committing suicide"
Cite as Wellcome Library no. 38637i
Note After a drawing in an album of portrait drawings presented to the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh in 1862 by Sir Alexander Morison (1779-1866), who inaugurated the formal teaching of psychiatry in Edinburgh in 1823. The drawings, which cover a period of over twenty years, were originally commissioned as illustrations to Morison's lectures on physiognomy as a method of psychological diagnosis. The earliest are probably the copies of drawings executed for Esquirol at the Salpêtrière asylum in Paris. In 1826, after a tour of the Paris asylums, Morison followed Esquirol's example by commissioning portraits of the insane from the miniaturist François Rochard (1798-1858). Morison resumed his commissions to Rochard in 1835, when he was appointed visiting physician to the Bethlem Hospital in London. From 1836 he employed the Scottish portrait and genre painter Alexander Johnston (1815-1891). A selection of Johnston's drawings, along with some by Rochard and copies from Esquirol, were engraved as illustrations to The physiognomy of mental diseases, 1840. About 1841 Morison began to employ Charles Gow, uncle of Andrew Carrick Gow, a Scottish portraitist, who continued to work for Morison throughout the 1840s and many of whose portraits were reproduced in Morison's Outlines of lectures, 1848 (information from the catalogue of the album, compiled by Helen Smailes, Scottish National Portrait Gallery, 1981)
Lettering Melancholia with fear.
Author, etc. Morison, Alexander, 1779-1866.
Bramwell, Byrom, Sir, 1847-1931.
Topic-LCSH Mentally ill women.
Melancholy.
Suicidal behavior.
Mental illness.
Genre/Technique Portrait prints.
Lithographs.
Copy photo no. L 26691
System no. .b11964637
Record no. 38637i